نوع مقاله : علمی - پژوهشی
1 دانشجوی دکترای حقوق کیفری و جرمشناسی، دانشکده حقوق، دانشگاه تربیت مدرس، تهران، ایران
2 استاد گروه فقه شافعی، دانشکده الهیات و معارف اسلامی، دانشگاه تهران، تهران، ایران
3 استادیار گروه حقوق، دانشکده حقوق، دانشگاه تربیت مدرس، تهران، ایران
عنوان مقاله [English]
Commercial companies are powerful institutions that, as much as they can, cause harm to their consumers’ well-being, physical and financial rights. Despite the high rate of criminality of companies in the field of providing goods and services and the frequency of their victims, the rate of detection of crimes, prosecution and conviction in the Iranian criminal justice system is very low. The development of the activity of commercial companies in the Internet space, especially in the field of international trade, does not reflect the turtle movement of government courts in handling consumer complaints and relying on inefficient and traditional reasons. The available findings indicate that several reasons such as lack of proper and systematic control over the process of production and supply of goods and services, Poor and uncoordinated performance of corporate crime detection activists and ambiguity in the duties of judicial and non-judicial authorities, superior power of companies in the criminal process and the weakness and incoherence of regulatory bodies are considered a serious obstacle in the way of detecting such crimes. The present research, through a descriptive-analytical approach, with applying comparative studies and conducting in-depth interviews as well as referring to various documents, including jurisprudence, attempts to develop solutions to overcome these challenges, the most important of which are: clarifying the companies’ operation, increasing the level of consumer awareness and the synergy of multiple and parallel regulatory bodies.