عنوان مقاله [English]
According to “the Sustainable Development Doctrine”, it is incumbent on every human generation to use the earth resources in a manner that, while providing its own needs (intragenerational fairness), does not harm the resources needed for future generations (intergenerational fairness). In light of this new doctrine, which has also become a global and favorable model of development in the international community, the concept of development has a different meaning and scope, in that, development in addition to having an economic dimension, also pertains to social and environmental aspects. In this framework, ecocide is considered a serious threat to sustainable development. Ecocide severely degrades the environment and natural resources and shakes the foundations of economic and social security alongside threatening environmental security. The direct consequence of ecocide is the deterioration of economic security of society, which in turn results in or exacerbates severe social crises including poverty, illness, unemployment, homelessness, conflict, illiteracy, delinquency, immigration, displacement, asylum, ethnic clashes, armed conflicts, etc. It is therefore imperative that its criminalization be at the center of the attention of national, regional and international legal systems and that a common criminal policy be adopted to prevent the occurrence of ecocide and end the perpetrators’ wrongdoing.