بازدارندگی حقوق بین الملل کیفری و تأثیر آن در جوامع انتقالی

نوع مقاله: علمی - پژوهشی

نویسنده

استادیار گروه حقوق دانشگاه گیلان

چکیده

با اینکه حقوق بین‌الملل کیفری به دنبال تحقق اهداف مختلفی است، در بین این اهداف، بازدارندگی اهمیت عمده‌ای دارد. این اهمیت به دلیل ارتباط بازدارندگی با مسئلۀ صلح و امنیت بین‌المللی است. این فرض وجود دارد که اجرای عدالت کیفری بین‌المللی می‌تواند مانع از ارتکاب جرایم بیشتر شود و به این ترتیب به حفظ صلح و امنیت بین‌المللی منجر شود. در این نوشتار ضمن بررسی نقش بازدارندگی حقوق بین‌الملل کیفری، تأثیر آن در تحقق صلح و ثبات در جوامع انتقالی ارزیابی می‌شود. فرضیۀ قابل طرح آن است که اثر بازدارندۀ حقوق بین‌الملل کیفری کمتر از آن چیزی است که ادعا می‌شود. با توجه به مشکلات پیشِ رویِ جامعۀ بین‌المللی در جلوگیری از ارتکاب جرایم بیشتر، صرف اتکا بر بازدارنده بودن حقوق بین‌الملل کیفری و تلاش جهت ارتقای شدت و به‌ویژه قطعیت مجازات‌ها کفایت نمی‌کند، بلکه باید به سایر سازوکارهای موجود در جوامع انتقالی جهت تحقق بازدارندگی و کاهش نرخ ارتکاب جرایم بین‌المللی و در نتیجه تحقق صلح و امنیت بین‌المللی توجه کرد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Deterrence of International Criminal Law and its Impact on Transitional Societies

نویسنده [English]

  • Mahin Sobhani
Assistant Professor, University of Guilan, Iran
چکیده [English]

The international criminal law pursuing different goals, however the goal of
deterrence is of major importance. Deterrence due to its connection with the problem
of international peace and security is important. It is assumed that international
criminal justice can prevent committing more crimes and thus to contribute to the
maintenance of international peace and security. The aim of this paper is to
investigate the deterrent role of international criminal law and evaluate its impact on
peace and stability in the transitional societies. The main hypothesis is that the
deterrent effect of the international criminal law is less than what is claimed. Given
the problems facing the international community in preventing more crimes, reliance
on the deterrence of international criminal law and promotion of certainty and
severity of punishment are not enough. Other justice mechanisms in the transitional
societies for the prevention and reduction of international crime rates should be
considered to establish international peace and security

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • international criminal courts
  • International Criminal Justice
  • Peace
  • Punishment
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Deterrence of International Criminal Law and Its Impact on Transitional Societies